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Home The Light Articles from 1999 From the Gospel Advocate Commentary on Mark

From the Gospel Advocate Commentary on Mark

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From the Gospel Advocate Commentary on Mark

In the Gospel Advocate Commentaries, the first complete set of New Testament com-mentaries produced by scholars in the church of Christ, brother C. E. W. Dorris explains Mark 14:22-23 as follows, here condensed for space (see pages 328-330 of the commentary).

22 And as they were eating, he took bread,—Or "a loaf" (footnote), one of the thin flat loaves of the country, made without leaven of any kind. "A loaf" does not mean two or more loaves, but one. The loaf, which was one, points to the body of Christ. Jesus had one body he offered for the sins of the world and the one loaf represents that one body. Two loaves on the Lord's table are out of place and have no divine sanction. One loaf is safe, two are doubtful, to say the least. It is always safe to be on the safe side.

23 And he took a cup,—"A cup" is one, not two nor a dozen. Luke says: "The cup," so also Paul (1 Cor. 11:25), and both insert "after supper." Paul also calls it (1 Cor. 10:16) "the cup of blessing." "Cup" here is used figuratively for what it contains. The cup contained wine, the juice of the crushed grape—a striking emblem of his own blood, which would be shed for the sins of the whole world."

Notice bro. Dorris correctly says the cup Jesus took "contained" a liquid. Jesus took a literal cup, containing the literal fruit of the vine. From this literal cup the disciples all drank. The full passage reads: "And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat: this is my body. And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them: and they all drank of it" (Mark 14:22-23).

 

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